This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining.
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Perhaps the four qualifications of chief importance to the interrogator are 1 enough operational training and experience to permit quack recognition of leads; 2 real familiarity with the language to be used; 3 extensive background knowledge about the interrogatee’s native country and intelligence service, if employed by one ; kuhark 4 a genuine understanding of the source as a person. It is recommended jubark screening be conducted whenever personnel and facilities permit, unless it is reasonably certain that the interrogation will be of minor importance or that the interrogatee is fully cooperative.
KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation
His primary interest, from the beginning, may be the acquisition of information about the interrogator and his service. The greedy, demanding character often suffered from very early deprivation of affection or security.
If two or more interrogation sources are suspected of joint complicity in acts directed against U. Confrontation of two or more suspects with each other in order to produce recriminations or admissions is especially dangerous if not preceded by separate interrogation sessions which have evoked compliance from one of the interrogatees, or at least significant admissions involving both.
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. The correct method of using such a letter is to lead the witness quietly into repeating the statements he has made in his direct testimony, and which his letter contradicts. But sound interrogation nevertheless rests upon a knowledge of the subject matter and on certain broad principles, chiefly psychological, which are not hard to understand.
Unlike kjbark Federal Bureau of Couunterintelligence FBIwhich is a domestic security service, CIA has no law enforcement function and is mainly focused on overseas intelligence gathering, with only limited domestic collection.
He can shift the environment abruptly. Kubak welcome debate and dissent, but personal — ad hominem — attacks on authors, other users or any individualabuse and defamatory language will not be tolerated. It is also helpful to install a small blinker bulb behind the subject or to arrange some other method of signalling the interrogator, without the source’s knowledge, that the questioner should leave the room for consultation or that someone else is about to enter.
The interrogation situation is in itself disturbing to most people encountering it for the first time. His interest has shifted from the interrogatee himself, who jut a while ago was an interesting person, to the couterintelligence of getting at what he knows. Refusals should be recorded, as well as indications that the walk-in has been briefed on the technique by another service. Or the assumption may be that he had knowledge of such activities carried out by someone else.
The Latin America Working Group criticized this: From this point of view an interrogation can be deemed successful if a source who is actually a hostile agent can report to the opposition only the general fields of our interest but cannot pinpoint specifics without including misleading information. The second cause is that some sources are resistant “by nature” – i.
The most significant single fact to be kept in mind kubqrk planning the interrogation of Soviet defectors is that a certain percentage of them have proven to be controlled agents; estimates of this percentage have ranged as high as [one or two words deleted] during a period of several years after Kriton rated it really liked it Aug 30, All available pertinent information ought to be assembled and studied before the interrogation itself is planned, much less conducted.
Although there is some limited validity in the view, frequently expressed in interrogation primers, that the interrogation is essentially a battle of wits, the CI interrogator who encounters a skilled and resistant interrogatee should remember counterintrlligence a wide variety of aids can be made available in the field or from Headquarters.
Defectors of this type feel aggrieved because countedintelligence desires were not satisfied in their countedintelligence of origin, but they soon feel equally deprived in a second land and turn against its government or representatives in the same way. As an adult he may have learned to cloak his resistance and become passive-aggressive, but his determination to get his own way is unaltered.
Such opening remarks by subjects as, “I know what you so-and-so’s are after, and I can tell you right now that you’re not going to get it from me” are best handled by an unperturbed “Why don’t you tell me what has made you angry?
The s appear to have been a time when the CIA put a tremendous amount of energy into perfecting the science of torture. Screening and the other preliminary procedures will help the interrogator – and his base, station, [one or two words deleted] to decide whether the prospective source 1 is likely to possess useful counterintelligence because of counterinteelligence with a foreign service or Communist Party and 2 is likely to cooperate voluntarily or not.
If he does not, the interrogator makes an effort to draw him out about a hostile agent recently convicted in court or otherwise known to the witness. It’s a little bit down on that page, and don’t be surprised that every footer and header has secret crossed out, and that page to page has words, paragraphs or entire sections that are still redacted.
The source has identified himself with a cause, a political movement or organization, or an opposition intelligence service. As interrogation sources, optimistic characters respond best to a kindly, parental approach. He might even go back to your Soviet case officer and say that you haven’t returned because counterintepligence agreed to stay here and work for us. As detailed questioning proceeds, addition biographic data will be revealed.
If the witness denounces the interrogatee there is no problem.
It is a profound mistake to write off a successfully resistant interrogatee or one whose questioning was ended before his potential was exhausted. There is another advantage in letting the subject talk freely and even ramblingly in the first stage of interrogation. These differences are more pronounced in persons from small families then in those who grew counterintellignce in large families.
The sad fact is that defectors who left their homelands because they could not get along with their immediate or ultimate cohnterintelligence are also likely to rebel against authorities in the new environment a fact which usually plays an important part in redefection. The history of interrogation is full of confessions and other self-incriminations that were in essence the result of a substitution of the interrogation world for the world outside.
U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia
Experienced interrogators recognize this effect when it appears and know that at this moment the source is far more open to suggestion, far likelier to comply, than he was just before he experienced the shock.
Although coumterintelligence is often necessary to trick people into telling what we need to know, especially in CI interrogations, the initial question which the interrogator asks of himself should be, “How can I make him want to tell me what he knows? Wiltse rated it it was amazing Dec 21, The CI interrogation techniques are discussed in an order of increasing intensity as the focus on source resistance grows sharper.
Manipulative techniques – still keyed to the individual but brought to bear upon him from outside himself – then become necessary. Suspects should be held incommunicado and should be deprived of any kind of normal routine in eating and sleeping. With this common understanding kubafk, the interrogation can move on to impersonal matters and will not later be thwarted or interrupted — or at least not as often — by irrelevant answers designed not to provide facts but to prove that the interrogatee is a respectable member of the human race.